HRLHA: State of Emergencey as Systematic State Repression in Ethiopia


The  March 2014 Oromo student protests, which has been started in Jima University and spread quickly to Ambo University then in a few days to all universities, colleges, high schools and elementary schools in Oromia and continued for two months has captured attention of the world community for the first time.  In these two months, protests over 81 Oromos, mostly university students have been killed, thousands have been detained by the crackdown on the protest by Agazi force  and  silenced.  After  eighteen months the protest has reignited  on  November 12, 2015  in Ginchi Town in Western Showa 80 km south of the capital city.   Since this pro-democracy and justice protests reignite in November 12, 2015 to present Oromia remains in a state of human rights and humanitarian crisis. The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) lists over table12000 Oromos deaths and thousands disappearances and tens of thousands detentions and  other thousands left their home behind and living in forests where they can save their life from the aggression of TPLF sponsored killing squad since the protest reignited in November 2016,

To calm down the peoples’ anger after indiscriminate shootings  from the ground and air of innocent Oromos at Irrecha festival in Bishoftu on October 2, 2016, the government declared a state of emergency on October 8, 2016

Sice the State of Emergency has  been declared on October  8, 2016  Millions of  Oromo civilians across Oromia, including children, have been forced to endure a life of hardship under siege .

Oromo Civilians of all walks of life continue to be at the receiving end of frequent indiscriminate attacks by TRLF  government killing force, Agazi forces every day. Killings, looting of money and valuables  and , raping  by breaking into Ormos’ homes become every day activity of the occupying TPLF force across Oromia. The killing squad Agazi  force  also continues to commit other grave violations, including war crimes such as indiscriminate killings, arbitrary detention, torture, enforced disappearance and extrajudicial execution in Amhara  region and Konso Konso zone in Southern people regional state.

According to the HRLHA informants, many Oromo youths are missing on a daily base from their home, work places and universities. Example, in  November  2016, among  Oromo missed  from   West Showa districts are listed in the table 1.  In the same way about 149 people from Debre Markos town  Gojjam zone   Amhara regional state have been detained in Maikelawi Adis Ababa according to HRLHA’s informants.

The following are among many Oromos detained in Showa zones, Centeral Oromia  by TPLF forces in November 2016


Though, it is difficult to obtain information from Ethiopia due to the suspension of all information outlets including Facebook, internet and others,  HRLHA’s documentation provides fresh evidence that  group extermination is taking place during night time in Oromia. Example, on November 6, 2016 at 5:00 am three brothers Marabu Jamalo, Abdissa Jamalo and Tola Jamalo have been cold blooded by the TPLF killing squad Agazi force  in their home in Easter Arsi Zone in Shirka district. Their father Mr. Jamalo Hussein said “my children have been killed by the fascist government killing squad, Agazi, not because they stole or did  anything wrong,  but only because they are  Oromos”   such crimes are widespread all over Oromia and Amhara regional states specially on nights and very systematically, and are being perpetrated on an ever-increasing scale and as part of the State of Emergency policy. There are  also  evidences of the government targeting special groups such as youth, educated citizens and journalists.


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